Muhammad used any mean to spread Islam ,one of his ways was bribing people to become Muslim and stay Muslim.
In the following verse and ahadith the word ” الصَّدَقَاتُ ” means alms and charities , that are only for the poor , needy, and the officials appointed over them, AND ” THOSE WHOSE HEARTS ARE INCLINED TO TRUTH” apparently Muhammad was paying some people to attract them to his new religion:
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=() Quran 9:60 ” إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ ۖ فَرِيضَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ “Yusuf Ali: Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of Allah; and for the wayfarer: (thus is it) ordained by Allah, and Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
=() al-Bukhari Book of Prophets #558
Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 4, Book 55, Hadith 558
According to this hadith ” Ali sent a piece of gold to the Prophet who distributed it among four persons: Al-Aqra’ bin Habis ( الأقرع بن حابس بن عقال ) Al-Hanzali ( الحنظلي )from the tribe of Mujashi( الْمُجَاشِعِيِّ، ), ‘Uyaina bin Badr Al-Fazari( عُيَيْنَةَ بْنِ بَدْرٍ الْفَزَارِيِّ، ), Zaid At-Ta’i ( زَيْدٍ الطَّائِيِّ )who belonged to (the tribe of) Bani Nahban( بَنِي نَبْهَانَ ), and ‘Alqama bin Ulatha Al-‘Amir( َعَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ عُلاَثَةَ الْعَامِرِيِّ ) who belonged to (the tribe of) Bani Kilab (بَنِي كِلاَبٍ). So the Quraish and the Ansar became angry and said, “He (i.e. the Prophet, ) gives the chief of Najd and does not give us.” The Prophet said, “I give them) so as to attract their hearts (to Islam)…….”
This hadith shows tht distibution of booty , and charity by Muhammad caused some protest >>” Then a man with sunken eyes, prominent checks, a raised forehead, a thick beard and a shaven head, came (in front of the Prophet ) and said, “Be afraid of Allah, O Muhammad!” The Prophet ‘ said “Who would obey Allah if I disobeyed Him? (Is it fair that) Allah has trusted all the people of the earth to me while, you do not trust me?” Somebody who, I think was Khalid bin Al-Walid, requested the Prophet to let him chop that man’s head off, but he prevented him. When the man left, the Prophet said, “Among the off-spring of this man will be some who will recite the Qur’an but the Qur’an will not reach beyond their throats (i.e. they will recite like parrots and will not understand it nor act on it), and they will renegade from the religion as an arrow goes through the game’s body. They will kill the Muslims but will not disturb the idolaters. If I should live up to their time’ I will kill them as the people of ‘Ad were killed (i.e. I will kill all of them).”
=() Muslim Book of Zakat #2313
Sahih Muslim Vol. 3, Book 5, Hadith 2313
“Abdullah b. Zaid reported that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) conquered Hunain he distributed the booty, and he bestowed upon those whose hearts it was intended to win. It was conveyed to him (the Holy Prophet) that the Ansar cherished a desire that they should be given (that very portion) which the people (of Quraish) had got. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) stood up and, after having praised Allah and lauded Him, addressed them thus: 0 people of Ansar, , did I not find you erring and Allah guided you aright through me, and (in the state of) being destitute and Allah made you free from want through me, and in a state of disunity and Allah united you through me……”
=() Al-Tabari, Vol. 9, p. 36 “Prophet, this group of Ansar have a grudge against you for what you did with the booty and how you divided it among you own people.’ ‘Ansar, what is this talk I hear from you? What is the grudge you harbor against me? Do you think ill of me? Did I not come to you when you were erring and needy, and then made rich by Allah?( Ishaq:596 the same story)
=() al-Bukhari Book of One-fifth of Booty #374
Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 4, Book 53, Hadith 374
Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, “I give to Quraish people in order to let them adhere to Islam, for they are near to their life of Ignorance (i.e. they have newly embraced Islam and it is still not strong in their hearts.
” حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم
“ إِنِّي أُعْطِي قُرَيْشًا أَتَأَلَّفُهُمْ، لأَنَّهُمْ حَدِيثُ عَهْدٍ بِجَاهِلِيَّةٍ ”. “
=() Ishaq:594 ” The Apostle gave gifts to those whose hearts were to be won over, notably the chiefs of the army, to win them and through them the people.”
=() Muslim Book of Zakat #2303
Muslim 1059 a
Sahih Muslim Vol. 3, Book 5, Hadith 2303
” ….. Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: I give (at times material gifts) to persons who were quite recently in the state of unbelief, so that I may incline them to truth …..” ( Hadith 5:2304, and 5:2305 are the same with small differences )
=() Al-Tabari, Vol. 9, p. 37
Prophet Said “Do you hold a grudge against me and are you mentally disturbed because of the worldly things by which I conciliate a people and win them over so that they will embrace Islam and become Muslims??”
Sometimes Muhammad even had to bribe the followers to remain Muslim and do not leave Islam:
=() al-Bukhari Book of Tax (Zakat) #556
Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 2, Book 24, Hadith 556
Narrated Sad (bin Abi Waqqas) :
Allah’s Apostle distributed something (from the resources of Zakat) amongst a group of people while I was sitting amongst them, but he left a man whom I considered the best of the lot. So, I went up to Allah’s Apostle and asked him secretly, “Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer.” The Prophet said, “Or merely a Muslim (Who surrender to Allah).” I remained quiet for a while but could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer. ” The Prophet said, “Or merely a Muslim.” I remained quiet for a while but could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Why have you left that person? By Allah! I consider him a believer.” The Prophet said, “Or merely a Muslim.” Then Allah’s Apostle (Peace be upon him) said, “I give to a person while another is dearer to me, for fear that he may be thrown in the Hell-fire on his face (by renegating from Islam).”
=() Muslim Book of Zakat #2300
Muslim 150 e
Sahih Muslim Vol. 3, Book 5, Hadith 2300
Sa’d reported that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) bestow- ed (some gifts) upon a group of people and I was sitting amongst them. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him), however, left a person and he did not give him any. thing. and he seemed to me the most excellent among them (and thus deserved the gifts more than anyone else). So I stood up before the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) and said to him in undertone: Messenger of Allah, what obout so and so? By Allah, I find him a believer. He (the Messenger of Allah) said: He may be a Muslim. I kept quiet for a short while, and then what I knew of him urged me (to plead his case again) and I said: Messenger of Allah, what about so and so? By Allah, I find him a believer. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: He may, be a Muslim. I again remained quiet for a short while, and what I knew of him again urged me (to plead his case so I) said: Messenger of Allah, what about so and so? By Allah, I find him a believer. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: He may be a Muslim. I often bestow (something) upon a person, whereas someone else is dearer to me than he, because of the fear that he may fall headling into the fire. And in the hadith transmitted by Hulwani this statement was repeated twice.
(Sahih Muslim 5:2301/5:2302 )