Growing up in Shia family there was always this question in my mind that who is telling the truth Shia or Sunni.There were many other details in Islam that did not make sense to me,issues such as forever eternal rules for rapidly changing world , and anytime I asked questions I was silenced then I decided to do my own research and dig out the truth myself. My long,hard effort at the end resulted to many other discoveries .
The research started from some minor differences between Shia and Sunni and slowly changed to more serious topics .I decided to post this article in different parts that way make it more easy and pleasant to read .
The purpose of this research is not supporting any group(Shia , Sunni or any other branches of Islam),ultimately their centuries conflicts must be resolved through rational and LOGICAL arguments. Here I just bring to you documents and proofs that I received from either sides and some info that I found in books.
As we know there are about 26 different versions [not translations] of Quran.One of the most controversial Quran is “Shia’s Quran”. This specific Quran contains 2 suras that they can not be found in other versions of Quran.Shias claim these 2 suras are genuine and they are part of their Quranic text. Here in this article we are not refuting neither supporting this claim , any objection to this claim can be brought up in Shia’s pages,I just reflecting what I was told by Shia’s sources.Here are these suras:
“Sura an-Nurain” ( سورة النورين )and “Sura al-Walayah”( سورة الولاية ) :
1)Sura al-Nurain” ( سورة النورين )
2)”Sura al-Walayah”( سورة الولاية )
These 2 verses were discovered in The book called” Dabistan-i Madhahib [ کتاب دبستان المذاهب ] or “Schools of Religious Doctrines” Bankipore , India between 1055(1645) and 1068(1658). [ “Dabistan al-Madahib”, Encyclopaedia Of Islam (New Edition), 1965, Volume II, E. J. Brill: Leiden and Luzac & Co.: London, p. 74. ]
This book is about life of religious communities under ” Mughal” rule in India ,it contains 12 chapter related to 12 religious groups:(Parsis, Hindus , Tibetans, Jews, Christians, Muslims, Philosophers and Sufis ).[1. پارسيان .2. هندوان .3. قراتبتيان .4. اليهود .5. النصارى .6. المسلمين .7. الصادقية .8. الواحدية .9. روشنينان .10. الإلهية .11. الحكماء .12. الصوفية .]
For the first time It was published in 1809 in Calcutta, India.[ ” Dabistan-i-Madhahib”Encyclopaedia Iranica, 1993, Volume VI, Mazda Publishers: Costa Mesa (CA), p. 532 ].Later on it was translated to European languages in 1845[ Chapitre inconnu du Coran”, Journal Asiatique, 1842, Volume XIII, pp. 431-439 ].The year after translation a commentary was written on it.[ Observations sur Chapitre inconnu du Coran”, Journal Asiatique, 1843, Volume XIV, pp. 371-429 ]and translation of the manuscript came into light in 1912 in the India ( Bankipore).
Some critics try to establish that these verses were created in 1809(or 1912) the time that they discovered the verses ,but Shi’a ‘s answer is that discovering of these 2 chapters and publishing them in 1809 does not mean that they were created in 1809 as if oldest Qur’an manuscript is from about 790 AD. then that doesn’t mean that Qur’an didn’t exist before that date.
One of scholars Mirza Hussein Muhammad Taqiy al-Noori al-Tubrusi[ميرزا حسين النوري الطبرسي ] (1838 – 1902 ). In his book[” Fasl al-khitaab fi ithbaat tahreef Kitaab Rabb il-Arbaab [ فصل الخطاب فی تحریف کتاب رب الارباب ](Decisive comment on the distortion of the Book of the Lord of Lords) “] he claimed that “Qur’aan had been distorted and that the Sahaabah has concealed some parts of it, including Soorat al-Wilaayah.”
” “O you who believe, believe in the Prophet and the Wali [i.e., ‘Ali] whom We have sent to guide you to the straight path, a Prophet and a Wali who are part of one another, and I am the All-Knowing, All-Aware…”
The claim of the verse that has been descended in honor of Imam Ali , and choosing him as ” Wali ” ( ولي ) ,and in general the issue of “walayat”( ولایت ) is a topic that already has been backed up with countless Sahih ahadith , historical documents and historical events[ later I will get to them in this article).
Some critics say that Tubrusi ‘s claim that Quran has been “distorted” is against verses in Quran that claimed to be a perfect book , no body can produce anything like it ( 17:88 )and no body can make any change and alteration in it ( 6:115 ).Though this perfect ,unchanged book is highly questionable , yet there are still questions that have not been answered yet [ each of these questions and issues have been briefly indicated and mentioned here but they are subject to lengthy, deep, research] :
=()In about 23 years that verses came to Muhammad he never ordered , and there was no attempt to collect these verses in one book.Then that makes this issue questionable that how Quran can claim the book is perfect when there was no book existed at all untill about 100 years later? More details in this Sahih hadith ” … I suggest, you (Abu Bakr) order that the Qur’an be collected.” I said to ‘Umar, “How can you do something which Allah’s Apostle did not do?” ‘Umar said, “By Allah, that is a good project…” [ al-Bukhari Book of Virtues of the Qur’an #509/al-Bukhari 4986/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 6, Book 61, Hadith 509/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 6, Book of Virtues of the Qur’an, Hadith 509 ] .
=() challenging Quran is another empty claim when just thinking to challenge Quran is blasphemy that can be punishable by death,then claim that nobody can challenge the book is out of window.
=() when poets , writers ,thinkers and intellectuals tried to challenge Quran Muhammad ordered their assasination( Ibn Sa’d, Vol. 2, P. 32 / Ibn Ishaq “Sirat Rasul Allah” p. 675 , 995, Muhammad ibn Umar al-Waqidi. Kitab al-Maghazi. Translated by Faizer, R., Ismail, A., & Tayob, A. K. (2011). The Life of Muhammad, pp. 86-87. London & New York: Routledge, The book of The Major Classes, Volume 2, (2), p.32/volum3 p 376 ,Ishaq:597 / ,[al-Bukhari Book of Mortgaging #687/ al-Bukhari 2510/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 3, Book 45, Hadith 687/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 3, Book of Mortgaging, Hadith 687 ],[ al-Bukhari Book of Jihaad #270/ al-Bukhari 3031/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 4, Book 52, Hadith 270 /Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 4, Book of Jihaad, Hadith 270 ] and many more..for more info on Muhammad’s hit list check this link:
=() Missing and questionable verses :
Regarding the missing and questionable verses in Quran The only answer that we get is denying, or claiming that “missing verses ” impossible because Quran said so.Of course problem with this kind of reasoning is that they use the conclusion of their argument (issue that has not been proven yet ) for premises (as proven fact) and that logically corrupt their reasoning.
Here in this article gradually we come across many of these missing and questionable verses and briefly we go over them :
() verse of “Rajam” that once existed in Quran:
al-Bukhari Book of Prophetic Commentary #201/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 201/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 6, Book of Prophetic Commentary, Hadith 201 ///Bukhari 8,82,816 ///al-Tabari (p.1821) /// Ibn Ishaq quoted Umar saying (1015)///Bukhari 8,82, 803 ///Bukhari Hadith 8,82,805 ///Bukhari 8,82,817 ///Muslim (17:4196) .Here are several hadith regarding different events of stoning as part of “Sunnah” :
16,41,38/16,41,39(16,4140/4142 the same with different narrators)/17,4211(12).
() most part of “Surah al-Ahzab”:
وقد حدثنا أحمد بن الهيثم بن خالد قال حدثنا أبو عبيد القاسم بن سلام قال حدثنا ابن أبي مريم عن ابن لهيعة عن أبي الأسود عن عروة عن عائشة قالت: كانت سورة الأحزاب تعدل على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مائتي آية، فلما كتب المصحف لم يقدر منها إلا على ما هي الآن.
“Aisha narrates: ‘Surah Ahzab contained 200 verses during the lifetime of Prophet [s] but when the Quran was collected we only found the amount that can be found in the present Quran”.[ Tafsir al Qurtubi, introduction for Surah Ahzab ]
() Missing verse ” adult suckling “,that once was part of Quran:
Muslim Book of Marriage #3424 / Muslim 1453 a / Sahih Muslim Vol. 4, Book 8, Hadith 3424 ///Muslim Book of Marriage #3425 / Muslim 1453 b / Sahih Muslim Vol. 4, Book 8, Hadith 3425 / Sahih Muslim Vol. 4, Book of Marriage, Hadith 3425///Muslim Book of Marriage #3427 / Muslim 1453 d / Sahih Muslim Vol. 4, Book 8, Hadith 3427/ Sahih Muslim Vol. 4, Book of Marriage, Hadith 3427///Muslim Book of Marriage #3428 / Muslim 1453 e / Sahih Muslim Vol. 4, Book 8, Hadith 3428 / Sahih Muslim Vol. 4, Book of Marriage, Hadith 3428///
Imam Malik’s Muwatta ( Imam, Malik ibn Anas ) [(الموطأ or الإمام مالك بن أنس )]:
Book 30, Number 30.1.8 /// Book 30, Number 30.2.12 /// Book 30, Number 30.2.13/// Book 30, Number 30.2.14
Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal. vol. 6. page 269;/ Sunan Ibn Majah, page 626; Ibn Qutbah, Tawil Mukhtalafi ‘l-Hadith (Cairo: Maktaba al-Kulliyat al-Azhariyya. 1966) page 310; As-Suyuti, ad-Durru ‘l-Manthur, vol. 2. page 13 ]
()some historical incident that ended up losing or distorting some verses,incidents such as: “Gharaniq incident ” and Satanic verses or ” goat incident” that consumed some verses that were written on leaves.
() some oppositions such as Abdullah ibn Saʿd ibn Abī Sarḥ(( ( عبدالله بن سعد بن أبي السرح) / or those that Quran in 4:46 indicated they changed and distorded verses.
() 26 different existing versions of Quran[ not translations] and many other versions that could not make it through the history but we have solid information and proof of their existence and many differences that they contain . In the next article we expose some of these Qurans.
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