=() Al-Nadr Bin Al-Harith ( النضر بن الحارث )-a rich man who carried on trade with al-Hira and Persia, from where he is said to have brought back books ,and singing slave girls. He was a tough opponent of Muhammad, mocking him and not failing to speak up and recalling the glories of the kings of Persia when Muhammad mentioned the miserable fate of past nations. In particular, he accused Muhammad of retailing tales of the ancients (asatir al-awwalin ” اساطير الاوّلین ” )[ Quran(8:31,83:13) ] . And at the end Muhammad send his message to him:” “Woe to every sinful liar who hears God’s verses read before him. Then he continues in pride as though he had not heard them, as though in his ears was deafness. Tell him about a painful punishment”. (Sura 45:7,8) [ … فَبَشِّرْهُ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ … ] “He was a prisoner of war who was not allowed to be ransomed by their clans and Muhammad killed him personally , `Ali cut off his head with his sword.
[ The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Vol. VII, 1993, p. 872 ]
[ "Sirat Rasul Allah” by Ibn Ishaq.p133>>136 ]
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