As everybody knows wine drinking is one of Allah’s rewards to pious believers in his paradise :
=() Quran 47:15 :” مَثَلُ الْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي وُعِدَ الْمُتَّقُونَ ۖ فِيهَا أَنْهَارٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ غَيْرِ آسِنٍ وَأَنْهَارٌ مِنْ لَبَنٍ لَمْ يَتَغَيَّرْ طَعْمُهُ وَأَنْهَارٌ مِنْ خَمْرٍ لَذَّةٍ لِلشَّارِبِينَ وَأَنْهَارٌ مِنْ عَسَلٍ مُصَفًّى ۖ وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا مِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ ۖ كَمَنْ هُوَ خَالِدٌ فِي النَّارِ وَسُقُوا مَاءً حَمِيمًا فَقَطَّعَ أَمْعَاءَهُمْ “( rivers of wine= وَأَنْهَارٌ مِنْ خَمْرٍ )
Pickthall: A similitude of the Garden which those who keep their duty (to Allah) are promised: Therein are rivers of water unpolluted, and rivers of milk whereof the flavour changeth not, and rivers of wine delicious to the drinkers, and rivers of clear-run honey; therein for them is every kind of fruit, with pardon from their Lord. (Are those who enjoy all this) like those who are immortal in the Fire and are given boiling water to drink so that it teareth their bowels?
[ http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp?chapter=47&verse=15 ]
HERE YOU CAN SEE WORD BY WORD TRANSLATION:
[ http://corpus.quran.com/wordbyword.jsp?chapter=47&verse=15#(47:15:1) ]
=() Quran 83:25 ;” يُسْقَوْنَ مِنْ رَحِيقٍ مَخْتُومٍ “Muhammad Sarwar: They will be given pure wine out of sealed containers”
(wine: رَحِيقٍ )(sealed= مَخْتُومٍ ).
(exact translation to “pure wine” is done by many scholars such as :Sahih International/Mohsin khan/Yusuf Ali/Shakir/Muhammad Sarwar/Arberry/ Muhammad Asad/M. M. Pickthall/ Wahiduddin Khan/ Abdul Majid Daryabadi/ Ali Ünal / Hamid S. Aziz / Muhammad Taqi Usmani/ Syed Vickar Ahamed /Faridul Haque/Ahmed Raza Khan (Barelvi)/Muhsin Khan / Muhammad al-Hilali ….)
[“sealed wine”translation is done by many scholars such as:Dr. Munir Munshey/ Muhammad Sarwar/Dr. Laleh Bakhtiar/Wahiduddin Khan/Yusuf Ali/ Abdul Majid Daryabadi/ M. M. Pickthall/ Ahmed Ali/Aisha Bewley/ Ali Ünal /Ali Quli Qara’i/Hamid S. Aziz/Muhammad Taqi Usmani/Syed Vickar Ahamed/Umm Muhammad (Sahih International)/Farook Malik/Talal A. Itani /Maududi/Hasan Al-Fatih Qaribullah/Ahmed Raza Khan (Barelvi)/Muhsin Khan / Muhammad al-Hilali….]
[ http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp?chapter=83&verse=25 ]
HERE YOU CAN SEE THIS TRANSLATION WORD BY WORD:
[ http://corpus.quran.com/wordbyword.jsp?chapter=83&verse=25#(83:25:1) ]
There are some confusing words in Islam that are used by Muslims to twist the issue of wine drinking.
1); keep in mind that there is only one place in Quran 76:21 it talks about” شَرَابًا طَهُورًا “(purifying drink)that is not the same as wine.The point that Muslims try to twist is here : in Arabic “شَرَابًا طَهُورًا “(purifying drink) is not exactly the same as ” خَمْرٍ “(wine). Drink is just a drink but wine is not any regular purifying drink , certain process( fermentation ) is necessary to make wine,then when Quran talks about ” خَمْرٍ ” that really means wine not purifying drink
2) In another case : Quran 78:24:6 ” لَا يَذُوقُونَ فِيهَا بَرْدًا وَلَا شَرَابًا ” The word ” شَرَابًا ” “sharāban” means “just drink”, “any drink” and it is unrelated to the wine issue .
In some verses Allah apparently forgets that he promissed pure wine(in river and in sealed container) to reward his pious followers for their dedicated moral Islamic life ,then He attacks wine and drinking wine as a Satanic activity:
=()Quran 5:90 :”يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنْصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ ” Muhammad Sarwar: Believers, wine, gambling, the stone altars and arrows (that the pagans associate with certain divine characters) are all abominable acts associated with satanic activities. Avoid them so that you may have everlasting happiness.
(wine= الْخَمْرُ )(satanic activities = عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ)
[ http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp?chapter=5&verse=90 ]
It is for this reaon that here in this hadith Allah curse it:
=() Abu Dawood Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm) #3666/ Abu Dawood 3674/Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book 26, Hadith 3666/Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm), Hadith 3666
Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah has cursed wine, its drinker, its server, its seller, its buyer, its presser, the one for whom it is pressed, the one who conveys it, and the one to whom it is conveyed.
Surprisingly again in another verse Allah changes his mind:
=() Quran 16:67″ وَمِنْ ثَمَرَاتِ النَّخِيلِ وَالْأَعْنَابِ تَتَّخِذُونَ مِنْهُ سَكَرًا وَرِزْقًا حَسَنًا ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ “Mohsin Khan: And from the fruits of date-palms and grapes, you derive strong drink (this was before the order of the prohibition of the alcoholic drinks) and a goodly provision. Verily, therein is indeed a sign for people who have wisdom.
According to this verse aparantly in Islam drinking was ok and as verse says there is ” goodly provision “,”benefits” and ” sign of the wisdom” in it [ وَرِزْقًا حَسَنًا ۗ ] and we see Mohsin Khan mentioned that in his translation as well [needless to say that overnight that “goodly provision”,”benefits” and ” sign of the wisdom” was gone and it became Satanic act!!]. Tafsir from Ibn Kathir exactly reflects this :[ http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2965&Itemid=71 ].In verse 16:66 Allah talks about milk how it is delicious drink that and how it comes from blood but it is different from blood , then he compare it to the wine that they get from date and grape.
In another verse Allah approved the benefits of wine:
=() Quran 2:219 :” يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ ۖ قُلْ فِيهِمَا إِثْمٌ كَبِيرٌ وَمَنَافِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَإِثْمُهُمَا أَكْبَرُ مِنْ نَفْعِهِمَا ۗ وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنْفِقُونَ قُلِ الْعَفْوَ ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَفَكَّرُونَ “Muhammad Sarwar: (Muhammad), they ask you about wine and gambling. Tell them that there is great sin in them. Although they have benefits for men, the sin therein is far greater than the benefit. They ask you about what they should give for the cause of God. Tell them, “Let it be what you can spare.” This is how God explains for you His guidance so that perhaps you will think.(wine= الْخَمْرِ )
As we see here Allah does not absolutely prohibit the wine(the same way that he did it for example in case of pork meat).He talks about benefit and harms and apparently he is softer on wine than pork meat !!! May be that is why he put the wine one of the rewards for the pious,dedicated believers in paradise not the pork meat !!!
One of the points that we have to notice is this that If Allah chose “wine drinking” as rewards in his paradise [his ultimate spritual attainment],and Quran talks about some benefits then there should not be any excuse, surprise and problem if Muhammad drinks wine!!! and that is what we see in this Sahih hadith:
=() al-Bukhari Book of Drinks #508/al-Bukhari 5603/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 7, Book 69, Hadith 508/Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 7, Book of Drinks, Hadith 508
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle was presented a bowl of milk and a bowl of wine on the night he was taken on a journey (Al-Mi’raj).
” حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَانُ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، أَخْبَرَنَا يُونُسُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ أُتِيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيْلَةَ أُسْرِيَ بِهِ بِقَدَحِ لَبَنٍ وَقَدَحِ خَمْرٍ”
There can not be any wrong translation and bad interpretation because we see that tanslation of ” خَمْرٍ ” as “wine”.
One of Muhammad’s favorite drinks was called ” نبيذ (nabidh) ” . Nabidh or “Nabeedh” is a drink traditionally made from fruits such as raisins,grapes or dates after fermentation.If it is not fermented it is not “Nabidh”, then the story that some Muslims claim Muhammad used to sweeten his drink with raisen,date,honey etc… has nothingh to do with drinking “Nabidh”that is fermented drink.There are some ahadith that you can see the difference between regular drink and “Nabidh”:
=() al-Nasaa’i Book of Drinks #5760/al-Nasaa’i 5757/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book 51, Hadith 5760/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book of Drinks, Hadith 5760
It was narrated that Ibn Shubrumah said:
“Talhah said to the people of Al-Kufah concerning Nabidh: ‘It is a test whereby a young man may benefit but an old man may be harmed.’ If there was a wedding among them, Talhah and Zubaid would offer milk and honey to drink. It was said to Talhah: ‘Why don’t you offer Nabidh?’ He said: ‘I would not like a Muslim to become intoxicated because of me.'”
Apparently this hadith explains the “benefits” and “sins” that have been mentioned in the verse 2:219 and clearly we see that “Nabidh” is nothing but intoxicant drink.
[the same as issue in this hadith : Abu Dawood Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm) #3664/Abu Dawood 3672/Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book 26, Hadith 3664/ Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm), Hadith 3664]
There are many ahadith that Muhammad just ask the followers that if they are drunk they just can not come to the prayers [ if their mind is”befogged”]but the question is this: how about those people who have high capacity to drink large amount of wine and do not get drunk? Can they approach prayers?As mentioned here “IF” their mind is befogged,and “IF IT IS NOT” what?One more time he showed how soft he was towards drinking!!
=() Abu Dawood Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm) #3662/Abu Dawood 3670/ Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book 26, Hadith 3662/Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm), Hadith 3662
=() Abu Dawood Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm) #3663/Abu Dawood 3671/ Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book 26, Hadith 3663/Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm), Hadith 3663
Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
A man of the Ansar called him and AbdurRahman ibn Awf and supplied them wine before it was prohibited. Ali then led them in the evening prayer, and he recited; “Say: O ye who reject faith.” He was confused in it. Then the following verse came down: “O ye who believe! approach not prayers with a mind befogged until you can understand all that ye say.
Again we see here that there is no direct order that they can not drink.
Here is another proof that Muhammad was not that much against drinking because he even orders how to prepare the “Nabidh”:
=() Muslim Book of Drinks #4903/Muslim 1987 e/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book 23, Hadith 4903/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book of Drinks, Hadith 4903
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) as saying: He who amongst you drinks Nabidh should drink that (prepared either from) grapes alone, or from dates alone, or from unripe dates alone (and not by mixing them with one another). Isma’il b. Muslim al-‘Abadi reported on the authority of the same chain of transmitters: Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) prohibited us that we should mix dry dates with unripe dates or (mix) grapes with dry dates (and prepare Nabidh). He also said: He who amongst you drinks….the rest of the hadith is the same.
Here is a collection of mainly some Sahih ahadith related to “Nabidh” .They contain alot of information about the “Nabidh”,instruction of prepration, processing ,consumption rules and regulations, and many conflicting point as well:
=() Abu Dawood Book of Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashribah) #3682/ Abu Dawood 3691/Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book 27, Hadith 3682/Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashribah), Hadith 3682
=() Abu Dawood Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm) #3661/Abu Dawood 3669/ Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book 26, Hadith 3661/Sunan Abu Dawood Vol. 4, Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm), Hadith 3661
=() al-Nasaa’i Book of Drinks #5744/al-Nasaa’i 5741/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book 51, Hadith 5744/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book of Drinks, Hadith 5744
=() Ahadees Musnad Ahmad Volume 4 hadith # 3594
[Ahmad ibn Hanbal ,Sunni scholar (780–855 ), had a collection of Hadith that are principle for “Hanbali fiqh (legislation)” ]
=() al-Nasaa’i Book of Drinks #5745/al-Nasaa’i 5742/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book 51, Hadith 5745/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book of Drinks, Hadith 5745
=() al-Nasaa’i Book of Drinks #5619/al-Nasaa’i 5616/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book 51, Hadith 5619/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book of Drinks, Hadith 5619
=() al-Nasaa’i Book of Drinks #5626/al-Nasaa’i 5623/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book 51, Hadith 5626/Sunan an-Nasaa’i Vol. 6, Book of Drinks, Hadith 5626
[ Ahadith from5617>>> 5712 with different chain of narrators contain many issues related to “Nabidh” ]
=() Muslim Book of Drinks #4989/Muslim 2011 a/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book 23, Hadith 4989/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book of Drinks, Hadith 4989 [this is the same hadith Sahih Muslim # 3753 that has been mentioned in anti Islam pages]Arabic reference for this hadith : Book 37, Hadith 5362
=() Muslim Book of Drinks #4879/Muslim 1979 a/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book 23, Hadith 4879/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book of Drinks, Hadith 4879
=() Muslim Book of Drinks #4920/ Muslim 1995 d/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book 23, Hadith 4920/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book of Drinks, Hadith 4920
=() Muslim Book of Drinks #4972/ Muslim 2004 b/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book 23, Hadith 4972/Sahih Muslim Vol. 5, Book of Drinks, Hadith 4972
[ahadith from 4880 >>>5125 with different chain of narrators contain contain issues related to” Nabidh”]
In spite of all these ahadith and verses that explain the real meaning of “Nabidh” as wine still many Muslims try to deny it .Here is a list of some of the most credible dictionaries in the world explaining the definition & meaning of “نبيذ nabidh” as wine:
DEFINITION OF”NABIDH” IN DICTIONARIES:
=() Lesan Al-Arab dictionary)نبذ) لسان العرب)Nabaza; نبذ
وإِنما سمي نبيذاً لأَن الذي يتخذه يأْخذ تمراً أَو زبيباً فينبذه في وعاء أَو سقاء عليه الماء ويتركه حتى يفور فيصير مسكراً.Translation: “It is called nabeezen because whoever takes it, he takes dates or raisin and yanbuzu (the act ) in a pot or something like that (sekaa) and adds water to them and leaves them till they ferment يفور and they become intoxicant.”
” xx خمر) لسان العرب)
والخَمْرُ ما أَسْكَرَ من عصير العنب لأَنها خامرت العقل.
وقال أَبو حنيفة: قد تكون الخَمْرُ من الحبوب فجعل الخمر من الحبوب؛ قال ابن سيده: وأَظنه تَسَمُّحاً منه لأَن حقيقة الخمر إِنما هي العنب دون سائر الأَشياء، ”
From the above definition we can understand that nabeez can be intoxicant and causes intoxication .It is not only “Lesan Al-Arab dictionary” call it intoxicant here are some other dictionaries who call it wine and intoxicant:
=() Babylon Online Dictionary ( http://www.babylon.com/define/98/English-Arabic-Dictionary.html )
=() Collins Dictionary [ http://www.collinsdictionary.com/translator ]
=() arabdict Wörterbücher & Lexikons: Arabisch-Englisch [http://www.arabdict.com/en/english-arabic/%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B0 ]
=() TransDict.com [ http://transdict.com/translate/arabic-english.html ]
=() DictZone [ http://dictzone.com/arabic-english-dictionary/%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B0 ]
=() Google Translate
=() Reverso [ http://dictionary.reverso.net/arabic-english/%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B0/forced ]
=() Arabic-English Lexicon ,by Edward William Lane (London: Willams & Norgate 1863) http://www.tyndalearchive.com/TABS/Lane/
=() ECTACO Arabic dictionary
=() Arabic-English dictionary – translation – bab.la [ http://en.bab.la/dictionary/arabic-english/%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B0 ]
=() search truth dictionary [ http://www.searchtruth.com/dictionary/arabic_english_dictionary.php?word=%D9%86%D9%8E%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B0&translate=atoe&word_option=1 ]
=() Aratools Arabic-English Dictionary [ http://aratools.com/ ]
=() SYSTRAN Arabic English dictionary [ http://www.systransoft.com/lp/arabic-english-dictionary/ ]
=() Arabic-English Dictionary, Glosbe [ https://en.glosbe.com/ar/en/%D9%86%D9%8E%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B0 ]
=() VerbAce – Arabic-English Dictionary [ http://www.verbace.com/ ]
=() Arabic-English dictionary DictZone [ http://dictzone.com/arabic-english-dictionary/%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B0 ]
=() WordReference dictionary [ http://www.wordreference.com/aren/%D9%86%D9%8E%D8%A8%D9%8A%D8%B0 ]
In the history of philosophy some of the free thinkers were inspired by related verses and ahadith,on the issue of “wine” and Allah’s promise for his paradise , as result they left writings,poems and master pieces that reflect their attitude and belief towards the issue.
one of these freethinkers was the famous Persian philosopher Omar Khayyam . His disbelief in Islam and Allah’s promise of women and wine in the next world resulted to many poems that reflect his belief. here is one of them:
گویند بهشت و حورعین خواهد بود / آنجا می ناب و انگبین خواهد بود /
گر ما می و معشوق گزیدیم چه باک / چون عاقبت کار همین خواهد بود /
They say in heaven are beautiful lovers
Sweet taste of wine in the air hovers
Fear not if succumbed to same earthly powers
In the end the same, one discovers.
They say there will be paradise and beautiful hoors(women)
there will be pure wine and drinks
we have no fear If we chose wine and beautiful women (in this world)
because that will be the end of the deal
[By the way Muslims as usual are trying to get credit for Islam and for scientific work that Khayyam has done and they consider him a Muslim scientist and philosopher !!! ]
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